Targeting economic development with science and technology parks and gateway cities: Schumpeterian possibilities of new developmental states in fostering local and global development

Vol. 40 No. 3 (2020)

Jul-Sep / 2020
Published June 22, 2020
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How to Cite

Mello, Patricia Alencar Silva, Mario Gomes Schapiro, and Nelson Marconi. 2020. “Targeting Economic Development With Science and Technology Parks and Gateway Cities: Schumpeterian Possibilities of New Developmental States in Fostering Local and Global Development”. Brazilian Journal of Political Economy 40 (3), 462-83. https://doi.org/10.1590/0101-31572020-3114.

Targeting economic development with science and technology parks and gateway cities: Schumpeterian possibilities of new developmental states in fostering local and global development

Patricia Alencar Silva Mello
Supervisora de Pesquisa da Escola de Administração de Empresas de São Paulo da Fundação Getúlio Vargas – EAESP-FGV, São Paulo/SP, Brasil.
Mario Gomes Schapiro
Professor em regime tempo integral na Faculdade de Direito da Fundação Getulio Vargas, Rio de Janeiro/RJ, Brasil
Nelson Marconi
Professor da Escola Escola de Administração de Empresas de São Paulo da Fundação Getulio Vargas – EAESP-FGV, São Paulo/SP, Brasil
Brazilian Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 40 No. 3 (2020), Jul-Sep / 2020, Pages 462-483

Abstract

In this paper, we investigate how innovative environments as a local strategic policy with particular features of the new entrepreneurial evelopmental state associated to what we call a Schumpeterian-style of policy can transform regions of middle-income countries, like Brazil. In particular, we sought to answer the following research question: how the São José dos Campos Science and Technology Park (STP-SJC) has been used as a tool to promote regional development? To answer it, having a logical model of this policy in perspective, we focus on this environment’s main objectives and empirically we performed a case study applying process tracing methodology.

JEL Classification: R11.


Keywords: São José dos Campos Science and Technology Park, science, technology and innovation, global production network, local buzz and global pipelines, development